“The mouth that ate itself”: Reflections on Joseph Kamarũ, oral artist extraordinaire

Keywords: intertextuality, interdisciplinarity, Joseph Kamarũ, Kenyan literature and song, oral artist


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Author Biography

Gĩchingiri Ndĩgĩrĩgĩ, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, United States

Gĩchingiri Ndĩgĩrĩgĩ is a professor of English at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, United States, where he teaches African and Caribbean literatures. An interdisciplinary interest in literary criticism, folklore and mythology, and performance informs his research and publications.


Achebe, Chinua. “The African Writer and the English Language.” Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A reader, edited by Patrick Williams & Laura Chrisman. Columbia U P, 1994. 428–34.

Achebe, Chinua. “The Role of the Writer in a New Nation.” African Writers on African Writing, edited by G. D. Killam. Heineman, 1975.

Achebe, Chinua. “The Novelist as a Teacher.” Hopes and Impediments: Selected Essays. Anchor, 1988.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination. Trans. Caryl Emerson & Michael Holquist. U of Texas P, 1981.

Culler, Jonathan. Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford U P, 2000.

Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. Constance Farrington. Grove Weidenfeld, 1963.

Kamarũ, Joseph. “Chunga Marima.” Nduti One Stop. Nairobi, n. d. VCD.

Ndĩgĩrĩgĩ, Gĩchingiri & Joseph Kamarũ. Interview. Nairobi, Jul. 1993.

Njogu, Kimani & Herve Maupeau. Songs and Politics in Eastern Africa. L'Institut francais de reserche en Afrique (IFRA-Nairobi), 2007.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o. Devil on the Cross. Heinemann, 1987.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o. Matigari. Trans. Wangũi wa Goro. Heinemann, 1987.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o. Petals of Blood. Heinemann, 1977.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o & Ngũgĩ wa Mĩriĩ. I Will Marry When I Want. Heinemann, 1982.

How to Cite
NdĩgĩrĩgĩG. (2021). “The mouth that ate itself”: Reflections on Joseph Kamarũ, oral artist extraordinaire. Tydskrif Vir Letterkunde, 58(1), 10-17. https://doi.org/10.17159/tl.v58i1.10413